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HPI 101: U.S. Health Care Careers

Introduction to Lehman's Guides to APA Style

APA style, created by the American Psychological Association, is used in the social sciences.

To help you understand how to use APA style in your papers, we offer two kinds of guides:

1) A PDF document (which you can view online or download and print) with all the basic rules and a list of examples showing how to cite a wide variety of common types of sources. Click here to access the PDF.

2) A web guide showing much of the same information in a different form, often with more details. Click here to access the web guide.

Do you need the 6th or 7th edition of APA?

The current edition of the APA's Publication Manual, the book containing all of its citation rules, is the 7th edition, which was published in 2019. A number of important rules were changed in the 7th edition. But some professors may still require you to use the rules from the 6th edition. Make sure you know which edition you are required to follow. Ask your professor if you aren't sure. Most professors are hopefully assigning the 7th edition by now, but if yours insists on continuing to use the 6th edition, we recommend the following resources:

The APA's own "Basics of Sixth Edition APA Style"

The APA's own "Quick Answers—References" for the 6th Edition

Easy Bib's APA Citation Basics, 6th Edition

Other APA Citation Guides

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. A 7th edition was just published in 2019. Make sure you know which version you are required to follow. Because both the 7th and the 6th editions might be in use during the transition, many online guides include guidance for both.