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HSD 266: U.S. Health Care Delivery System: APA Style 7th Ed.

Recommended: APA Style - Excelsior Online Writing Lab

American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style

Print Book 


Johnson, L. K. (2000). Bombs, bugs, drugs and thugs: Intelligence and America's quest for security. New York
      and London: New York University Press.

In-Text Reference:

(Johnson, 2000)

Print Journal Article 


Adda, J. & Ottaviani, M. (2005). The transition to digital television. Economic Policy, 20,159-209.

In-Text Reference:

(Adda & Ottaviani, 2005)

Electronic Book  


Bornstein, M. H. & Lamb, M. E. (Eds.). (1999). Developmental psychology: An advanced textbook (4th ed.).
     [NetLibrary Reader version]. Retrieved from

In-Text Reference:

(Bornstein & Lamb, 1999)

Journal Article in Electronic Database


Sadeh, A., Keinan, G., Daon, K. (2004). Effects of stress on sleep: The moderating role of coping style. Health
     Psychology, 23,
542-5. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.23.5.542

In-Text Reference:

(Sadeh, Keinan, & Daon, 2004)

Web Site


National Institute of Mental Health. (2020). The Teen brain: 7 things to know. Retrieved from

In-Text Citation:

(National Institute of Mental Health, 2020)

APA Citation Guides

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. A 7th edition was just published in 2020. Make sure you know which version you are required to follow. Because both the 7th and the 6th editions might be in use during the transition, many online guides include documentation for both.