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English 111: Scholarly Information - Evaluating Authority

Authority is Constructed and Contextual (ACRL Framework for Information Literacy)

Authority Is Constructed and Contextual refers to the recognition that information resources are drawn from their creators’ expertise and credibility based on the information need and the context in which the information will be used.

Experts view authority with an attitude of informed skepticism and an openness to new perspectives, additional voices, and changes in schools of thought.

Scholarly Articles

Use the questions on the Activity sheet to evaluate a scholarly article:

1. Do the following search in OneSearch: immigration restriction "united states"

2. Limit to "peer reviewed articles" (use the filter in the right hand column)

3. Select a scholarly article and open it to answer the questions on the Activity Worksheet.


Authoritative Articles and Media in other Formats

Use the questions on the Activity sheet to evaluate these sources. Think about the further research you will do to verify these sources as reliable and authoritative.

Experts & Authority

Discussion Questions:

What is a scholar? 

  • a person who has studied a subject for a long time and knows a lot about it : an intelligent and well-educated person who knows a particular subject very well (Source: )

Can we find scholars outside of colleges and universities? e.g. writers, journalists, doctors, lawyers, etc.

Can we find expertise and authoritative information in other formats than scholarly journals?

How do we evaluate and give authority to the work of scholars and experts?

Does the authority of particular work depend, in part, on how the work was created and the purpose for which it will be used?