American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style
Johnson, L. K. (2000). Bombs, bugs, drugs and thugs: intelligence and America's quest for security. New York and London: New York
Print Journal Article
Adda, J. & Ottaviani, M. (2005). The transition to digital television. Economic Policy, 20,
(Adda & Ottaviani, 2005)
Bornstein, M. H. & Lamb, M. E. (Eds.). (1999). Developmental psychology: an advanced textbook (4th ed.). [NetLibrary Reader
version]. Retrieved from http://www.netlibrary.com/Reader/
(Bornstein & Lamb, 1999)
Journal Article in Electronic Database
Sadeh, A., Keinan, G., Daon, K. (2004). Effects of stress on sleep: the moderating role of coping style. Health Psychology, 23, 542-5.
(Sadeh, Keinan, & Daon, 2004)
National Institute of Mental Health. (2001). Teenage brain: A work in progress. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health
(National Institute of Mental Health, 2001)
APA style was established by the American Psychological Association.
APA is normally used in the sciences, including sociology and psychology.
APA Citation Style Guide
Comparison of APA, MLA, and Chicago Styles
For a comparison of APA, MLA, and Chicago styles of citing various media, click on the link below.
APA Style in Other Media
For examples of citations of newspaper articles, TV shows, videos, and other resources, click on the link below.