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Citation Quick Reference  

Shows how to correctly cite resources using nine common citation styles and reference management software packages
Last Updated: Nov 18, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

APA Print Page

American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style

Print Book 


Johnson, L. K. (2000). Bombs, bugs, drugs and thugs: intelligence and America's quest for security. New York and London: New York

      University Press.

In-Text Reference:

(Johnson, 2000)

Print Journal Article 


Adda, J. & Ottaviani, M. (2005). The transition to digital television. Economic Policy, 20,


In-Text Reference:

(Adda & Ottaviani, 2005)

Electronic Book  


Bornstein, M. H. & Lamb, M. E. (Eds.). (1999). Developmental psychology: an advanced textbook (4th ed.). [NetLibrary Reader

      version]. Retrieved from

In-Text Reference:

(Bornstein & Lamb, 1999)

Journal Article in Electronic Database


Sadeh, A., Keinan, G., Daon, K. (2004). Effects of stress on sleep: the moderating role of coping style. Health Psychology, 23, 542-5.

      doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.23.5.542

In-Text Reference:

(Sadeh, Keinan, & Daon, 2004)

Web Site


National Institute of Mental Health. (2001). Teenage brain: A work in progress. Retrieved from


In-Text Reference:

(National Institute of Mental Health, 2001)


APA Basics

APA style was established by the American Psychological Association.

APA is normally used in the sciences, including sociology and psychology.

APA Citation Style Guide


Comparison of APA, MLA, and Chicago Styles

For a comparison of APA, MLA, and Chicago styles of citing various media, click on the link below.

APA Style in Other Media

For examples of citations of newspaper articles, TV shows, videos, and other resources, click on the link below.


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