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Citation Quick Reference: APA

Shows how to correctly cite resources using nine common citation styles and reference management software packages

American Psychological Association (APA) Citation Style

Print Book 

Citation:

Johnson, L. K. (2000). Bombs, bugs, drugs and thugs: intelligence and America's quest for security. New York and London: New York University Press.

In-Text Reference:

(Johnson, 2000)

Print Journal Article 

Citation: 

Adda, J. & Ottaviani, M. (2005). The transition to digital television. Economic Policy, 20, 159-209.

In-Text Reference:

(Adda & Ottaviani, 2005)

Electronic Book  

Citation:

Bornstein, M. H. & Lamb, M. E. (Eds.). (1999). Developmental psychology: an advanced textbook (4th ed.). [NetLibrary Reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.netlibrary.com/Reader/

In-Text Reference:

(Bornstein & Lamb, 1999)

Journal Article in Electronic Database

Citation:

Sadeh, A., Keinan, G., Daon, K. (2004). Effects of stress on sleep: the moderating role of coping style. Health Psychology, 23, 542-5. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.23.5.542

In-Text Reference:

(Sadeh, Keinan, & Daon, 2004)

Web Site

Citation:

National Institute of Mental Health. (2001). Teenage brain: A work in progress. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/teenage-brain-a-work-in-progress-factsheet/index.xhtml.

In-Text Reference:

(National Institute of Mental Health, 2001)

Video Tutorial - APA Citation Style

APA Basics

APA style was established by the American Psychological Association.

APA is normally used in the sciences, including sociology and psychology.