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ENG 111 - SPRING 2019 - Climate Change & Global Migration (Cambridge): Citation

LibGuide for Professor Cambridge's ENG 111 Spring 2019 class

Writing and Citing

A citation is: "A reference providing information about where a particular quotation, text, etc., is to be found; a bibliographical reference."

- Oxford English Dictionary Online, version March 2015

There are many different citation styles which reflect different interests and preferences of disciplines and often publications. If you are unsure which citation style to use, it is best to ask the person you are writing for, such as a professor or journal editor.

Below are the most commonly used citation styles:
 
  • APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. The following online guides are consistent with the 6th edition.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. The following online guides are consistent with the revised 8th edition.
  • The Chicago Manual of Style is commonly used for scholarly publishing. The following online guides are consistent with the 16th edition.

Why are citations important?

  1. Inform a reader that material in your work, such as a quote, image, or idea, came from another source.
  2. Acknowledge the work of others and provide pathways to their work.
  3. Provide context to your argument in a larger scholarly discussion.
  4. Establish your credibility as a serious scholar by providing evidence that you have thoroughly considered the topic.
  5. Failure to cite, or citing improperly, is considered plagiarism.