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HIS 780-XW81 Seminar in History: E-Journals & Primary Source Databases

This guide will help graduate students who will write a master's thesis or capstone project.

Examples (from Penington School)

  Primary Sources

 Secondary Sources

· autobiography


· painting or object of art

·article reviewing or criticizing the art

· personal diary or letter(s)

·book about the person or event

· treaty (government document)

·essay interpreting the document

· poem, novel, short story, etc.

·literary criticism of the work

· firsthand observer accounts of event

·report on event years later

· play, film, television show

·biography of writer

· speech given by a person

·commentary on the speech

· research reports by researchers

·interpretation of the research

· photographs

·explanation of photographs

E-Journals Finder

Search below for specific journals by title or by subject.

Search for a specific journal by title

Browse e-journals by subject


Definitions (from Pennington School)

A primary source is an original material created during the time under study. Primary sources can be original documents, creative works, published materials of the times, institutional and government documents or relics and artifacts

Secondary sources put primary sources in context. They comment, summarize, interpret or analyze information found in primary sources. Secondary sources are usually written by individuals who did not experience firsthand the events about which they are writing.

Primary Sources Databases

History Databases containing primary source materials.